TTIMES WORLD: Health News Report

Monday, July 13, 2020
Washington, DC, USA


Ways You Can Help Protect Your Vision
Practical Eye Protection Tips

Nine ways you can help protect your vision

Get regular comprehensive dilated eye exams.
Know your family’s eye health history. It’s important to know if anyone has been diagnosed with an eye disease or condition, since some are hereditary.
Eat right to protect your sight: In particular, eat plenty of dark leafy greens such as spinach, kale, or collard greens, and fish that is high in omega-3 fatty acids such as salmon, albacore tuna, trout, and halibut.
Maintain a healthy weight.
Wear protective eyewear when playing sports or doing activities around the home, such as painting, yard work, and home repairs.
Quit smoking or never start.
Wear sunglasses that block 99 percent-100 percent of ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation.
Wash your hands before taking out your contacts and cleanse your contact lenses properly to avoid infection.
Practice workplace eye safety.

Breast Cancer in Young Women
What You Can Do To Lower Your Risk

What Can I Do to Lower My Risk?

It is important that you—
•Know how your breasts normally look and feel. If you notice a change in the size or shape of your breast, feel pain in your breast, have nipple discharge other than breast milk (including blood), or other symptoms, talk to a doctor right away.
•Make healthy choices. Keeping a healthy weight, getting enough physical activity and sleep, and breastfeeding your babies can help lower your overall risk. If you are taking, or have been told to take, hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives (birth control pills), ask your doctor about the risks.
•Talk to your doctor about your risk. If your risk is high, your doctor may talk to you about getting mammograms earlier and more often than other women, whether other screening tests might be right for you, and medicines or surgeries that can lower your risk. Your doctor may also suggest that you get genetic counseling to determine if you should be tested for changes in your BRCA1, BRCA2, and other genes related to breast cancer

A Study on the Prevalence of Cerebral Palsy
And Intellectual Disability Among Children

Prevalence of cerebral palsy and intellectual disability among children identified in two U.S. National Surveys,

Maenner MJ1, Blumberg SJ2, Kogan MD3, Christensen D4, Yeargin-Allsopp M4, Schieve LA4.


Cerebral palsy (CP) and intellectual disability (ID) are developmental disabilities that result in considerable functional limitations. There are few recent and nationally representative prevalence estimates of CP and ID in the United States.


We used two U.S. nationally representative surveys, the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) and the 2011-2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), to determine the prevalence of CP and ID based on parent report among children aged 2-17 years.


CP prevalence was 2.6 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.1-3.2) per 1000 in the NSCH and 2.9 (95% CI: 2.3-3.7) in the NHIS. ID prevalence was 12.2 (95% CI: 10.7-13.9) and 12.1 (95% CI: 10.8-13.7) in NSCH and NHIS, respectively. For both conditions, the NSCH and NHIS prevalence estimates were similar to each other for nearly all sociodemographic subgroups examined.


Despite using different modes of data collection, the two surveys produced similar and plausible estimates of CP and ID and offer opportunities to better understand the needs and situations of children with these conditions.

Childhood Obesity Problem
A Complex Issue - See What You Can Do

Childhood Obesity Causes & Consequences

Childhood obesity is a complex health issue. It occurs when a child is well above the normal or healthy weight for his or her age and height. The causes of excess weight gain in young people are similar to those in adults, including factors such as a person’s behavior and genetics.

Our nation’s overall increase in obesity also is influenced by a person’s community. Where people live can affect their ability to make healthy choices.


Behaviors that influence excess weight gain include eating high-calorie, low-nutrient foods and beverages, not getting enough physical activity, sedentary activities such as watching television or other screen devices, medication use, and sleep routines.

In contrast, consuming a healthy diet and being physically active can help children grow as well as maintain a healthy weight throughout childhood. Balancing energy or calories consumed from foods and beverages with the calories burned through activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain. In addition, eating healthy and being physically active also has other health benefits and helps to prevent chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, cancer, and heart disease.

Use these resources to eat well and be active!

A healthy diet follows the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans that emphasizes eating a variety of vegetables and fruits, whole grains, a variety of lean protein foods, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products. It also limits eating foods and beverages with added sugars, solid fats, or sodium. The Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans recommends children aged 6 years or older do at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day.

Community Environment
It can be difficult for children and parents to make healthy food choices and get enough physical activity when they are exposed to environments that do not support healthy habits. Places such as child care centers, schools, or communities can affect diet and activity through the foods and drinks they offer and the opportunities for physical activity they provide. Other community factors that affect diet and physical activity include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.

Consequences of Obesity

More Immediate Health Risks
•Obesity during childhood can have a harmful effect on the body in a variety of ways. Children who have obesity are more likely to have(1-7) ◦High blood pressure and high cholesterol, which are risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD).
◦Increased risk of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes.
◦Breathing problems, such as asthma and sleep apnea.
◦Joint problems and musculoskeletal discomfort.
◦Fatty liver disease, gallstones, and gastro-esophageal reflux (i.e., heartburn).

A family eating a healthy meal outdoors
•Childhood obesity is also related to8-10:
◦Psychological problems such as anxiety and depression.
◦Low self-esteem and lower self-reported quality of life.
◦Social problems such as bullying and stigma.

Future Health Risks
•Children who have obesity are more likely to become adults with obesity.11 Adult obesity is associated with increased risk of a number of serious health conditions including heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and cancer.12
•If children have obesity, their obesity and disease risk factors in adulthood are likely to be more severe.13

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